A brief history of Ulun Danu Beratan Temple Bedugul Bali can be known based on historical data and historical data contained in a papyrus (Palm-leaf manuscript/Palmyra) chronicle of Mengwi.
According to archaeological information situated to the left of the front yard of Ulun Danu Beratan Temple, there’s a stone sarcophagus and a stone board which comes from megalithic tradition period, around 500 BC.
Both artifacts are now placed above every babaturan (terrace). It may be anticipated that the location of Ulun Danu Bratan Temple has been utilized as a place for conducting rituals since the megalithic age in Bali island
Ulun Danu Beratan Temple complex consists of five temples and one Buddhism Stupa
1. Penataran Agung Temple
Can be seen upon entering the Candi Bentar (split gate) towards Beratan. The temple serves to adore the majesty of God in its manifestation as the Tri Purusha Shiva namely Shiva, Sada Shiva, and Parama Shiva so as to invoke the grace of fertility, prosperity, human well-being and for sustainability of the universe.
2. Dalem Purwa Temple
Inside this temple, there are 3 main shrines namely Pelinggih Dalem Purwa as a place to worship the goddess Durga and Lord Rudra revered as a source of prosperity, Bale Murda Manik (Bale Pemaruman) as the place for discussion, and Bale Panjang as a place to put the offerings. The shrines within this temple are facing eastwards, situated on the banks of the southern side of Lake Beratan.
3. Taman Beji Temple
It serves to Ngebejiang ceremony (to purify the ritual paraphernalia) and also to invoke Tirta (the sacred water). This temple also serves as a place for Melasti (Hindu Balinese purification ceremony) by the surrounding neighborhood.
4. Lingga Petak Temple
It is commonly called Ulun Danu Beratan Temple. This temple can be posted at IDR 50,000 banknotes, within this temple, there’s a sacred well that stores the Tirta Ulun Danu (the sacred water of Ulun Danu). Not only that, within this temple also contained a Lingga that has a white color, flanked by red and black stone.
5. Prajapati Temple
It is situated under a big banyan tree. This temple functioned as a place of goddess Durga. This temple is facing to the west and became the first temple discovered after visitors pass through the admission ticket’s counter to enter the region of Lake Beratan.
6. Buddhism Stupa
At the area of Ulun Danu Beratan, there’s also a Buddhism Stupa. The Buddha statue here indicates the presence of the harmony in inter-religious life. This stupa facing to the south east and can be situated outside the main region of the complicated Ulun Danu Beratan Temple.
Not far from the location of Ulun Danu Temple there are also some intriguing spot for a vacation like Bali Botanic Garden and Bedugul’s fruits and vegetable marketplace.